Modern cataract surgery is one of the safest types of surgery and is performed on about one million patients a year. Cataract surgery today is 97% successful in significantly restoring vision. Prior to surgery, tests will be done to assure that the eye is healthy and to detect any unknown medical problems. Before surgery you may be given eye drops and a mild sedative to help you relax. You will be given local anesthetic to numb the area around the eye or, in some cases, general anesthesia. With modern cataract removal techniques, the natural anatomy of the eye is left intact and chances of complications are greatly reduced.
When your natural lens is removed, you will need a new way to focus light. A tiny intraocular lens will be implanted inside your eye to replace your natural lens. This permanent intraocular lens will significantly improve your vision.
Presently, there are no proven ways to prevent cataracts. Research is on-going, but only microsurgical removal of a cataract restores vision.
Secondary implants provide an opportunity for better vision to patients who would like to do away with thick cataract glasses or contact lenses. Although most implants are done at the time of cataract removal, it is possible to insert an implant in an eye that has undergone previous surgery, even in years past.
During cataract surgery, the lens of the eye is removed leaving a thin transparent membrane. Over a period of time, the membrane may become cloudy, causing the patient's vision to once again be impaired. The Nd:YAG laser is designed to use rapid pulses of energy to make a tiny opening in the membrane, thus allowing light to focus on the back of the eye.
Small Incision Eye Surgery: Phaycoemulsification
Not all cataract surgery is the same. As cataract and lens implant specialists, we are continually analyzing the newest developments in the field to determine what is best and safest for the patient. We do small incision eye surgery. This employs the use of ultrasound to break up the cataract microscopically so that it can be suctioned out of the eye. This is called phacoemulsification. Small incision surgery allows for a dramatic lessening of the incision size.
Benefits of phacoemulsification and small incision surgery usually include fewer restrictions for a very short time after surgery and faster visual rehabilitation. In most, but not all cases, small incision surgery can be utilized and we recommend it.
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